Ghaziabad was founded in 1740 by the emperor, Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar after himself and built a spacious structure consisting of 120 rooms of masonry with pointed arches. After the opening the railway line the name of the place was shortened to Ghaziabad. As it's boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the GATEWAY OF UP. Ghaziabad district, carved out of Meerut district in 14/11/1976.  Ghaziabad become Municipal Corporation on 31 August 1994 .The district of Ghaziabad is situated in the middle of Ganga-Yamuna doab. It is

 roughly rectangular, its length is 75 kms and its breadth is 37 kms.Ghaziabad is a growing industrial city in the close proximity to Delhi. It became the Industrial Hub of UP as well as an Educational Hub in NCR...more


Ghaziabad is one of the five districts of the Meerut Division. Divisional Commissioner, whose headquarter is at Meerut , holds charge of the division. He is the link between the districts and the goverenment and supervises the administration as well as the planning and the development activities of these districts.


The district has been devided into four sub division for purpose of revenue & general administration: Ghaziabad, Hapur, Modi Nagar and Garhmukteshwar. The centrally suitated tahsil of Ghaziabad has three pargana's,i.e. Loni, Dasna & Jalalabad. The Hapur tahsil lies in the east of the district and has three parganas- Hapur, Babugarh and Dhaulana. The Modi Nagar tahsil which has only one  pargana named Jalalabad  is in the northern part. To the north-east lies tahsil Garhmukteshwar which comprises the two parganas- Garh and Puth.


The general administration of the district (the basic unit of administration) is vested in the district officer who holds a key post and is the pivot of the district administrative machinery. He represents the State Goverenment and is responsible for the proper execution of all the government orders.

As a Collector his main function is to ensure the collection of land revenue and other govt. dues as well as the proper maintenance of land records. As District Magistrate his main duty is to maintain law and order with the help of the magistracy and the police. In his capacity as District Magistrate he has under him  five Addl. Distt. Magistrates, four S.D.M's ,two Addl. city magistrate and a City Magistrate with whose help he runs the district administration. Each tahsil has a resident Tahsildar who is assisted by a number of Naib-Tahsildars.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                For the purpose of law and order in the district there is a police organisation which is headed by a Senior Superintendent of Police. He is assisted by S.P.(city), S.P.(Rural) and seven Dy. Superintendents. For administrative convenience the district is divided into 22 police stations, each under a Station Officer. Below the Station Officer there is sub-inspectors, head constables and under him several constables. The strength of the staff in a police station varies according to the area and the amount of work.

Another important pillar of the administrative  machinery is the Judiciary of which the District & Sessions Judge is the head. As session judge his is the highest criminal court and a district judge his is the highest civil court as well. Appeals against the decisions of the civil judge are heard by him and those against his orders by the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad.

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